A Quick Guide on Educational Councils
What are Educational Councils?
The Educational Councils are the associations created to organize the functioning of the educational community, in accordance with the Organic Law of Education and Resolution No. 058 of the Ministry of Popular Power for Education. The Educational Council is thus the instance of citizen participation in every educational institution of the subsystem of basic education, integrated by the levels of initial education, primary education and secondary education.
What is the educational community?
According to the Organic Law of Education, the educational centers are part of a community composed of the different subjects involved in the management of education. All these subjects integrate the educational community, which is organized through the Educational Council.
What are the functions of the Educational Council?
In general, it is the responsibility of the Education Council to promote the participation of the members of the educational community in the management of the educational center. One of its specific tasks is the design of the Community Integral Educational Project (PEIC) and the Learning Projects (PA), starting from “the conception of the school as one of the centers of community activity and the community as the center of educational activity” . These projects should be oriented to link the educational process within the social environment in which the educational community is located.
Who is on the Board of Education?
The Education Council consists of people who are directly related to education, but may also be composed of other subjects who, even when not directly involved in education, are linked to the school.
In this way, the Education Council is made up of people who are directly involved in education: parents, representatives, managers, students, teachers, managers, administrative workers and workers in educational institutions (from initial education to secondary education General and technical media and all modalities of the subsystem of basic education).
In addition, the Council may be integrated, when so decided by its members, by the different community organizations linked to educational institutions, as could be the case of communal councils.
Who can create the Education Council?
There is no legal provision that establishes as mandatory the creation of the Education Council. Resolution No. 058 allows, in this way, those interested to promote the creation of the Educational Council, when they so decide for the best management of the educational community.
The initiative to create the Education Council can come from any of the subjects that participate directly in the education provided by the educational center.
How do you create educational councils?
When it is decided to create the Educational Council, within the educational community conformed by the subjects that participate directly in educational function, the statute of the Educational Council, in which the Council must be organized according to the concrete conditions of each educational center .
Even though Resolution No. 058 does not establish anything about it, it is usual for community members to hold a first meeting to discuss and approve the statute of the corresponding Education Council. If it is decided to incorporate representatives of the Community institutions related to the center, it will also be necessary to develop such participation in the corresponding statute.
How is the Education Council organized?
The Education Council acts through two basic bodies. The School Assembly, composed of all those who make up the educational community, and who is responsible for adopting all the decisions of the Council. In addition, we find the Committees, which are the bodies responsible for implementing the decisions adopted in the Assembly.
How many Committees should the Board of Education have?
The Council will have the following Committees: Mothers, Parents, Representatives and Responsible; Academic; Security and Integral Defense; Communication and Information; Environment, Integral Health and Food; Physical Education and Sports; Culture; Infrastructure and School Habitat; Students and Social Comptrollership. Other Committees may be created, as long as their conformation is odd.
In addition, there will be a Committee formed by the board of the educational institution. According to the Resolution, the board will have only one vote in the decision process within the Assembly.
It is for the statutes to establish the internal organization of the Committees.
When is the Board of Education established?
After approval by the Assembly of the statutes that define the structure of the Board of Education, the members of the Board of Education, that is, of the different Committees, shall be elected, except for the board of the institution.
Within the first fifteen days of each school year, the first Ordinary Assembly shall be convened for the purpose of electing the Educational Council. Once the members have been elected, the Education Zone and the Educational Communities Directorate of the Central Level in the Ministry of Popular Power for Education must be involved within the next 45 consecutive days.
What is the duration of the members of the committees of the Educational Council?
The elected members of the committees will last 1 year in their functions, counted from the moment of the election. They can be reelected, and their mandate can be revoked by decision of the Assembly, half of its period. That election must be made annually, at the beginning of each school year.
When can the first Education Council be established?
Since the election of the members of the Board of Education takes place at the beginning of the academic year, and since that election requires accomplishing a series of preliminary tasks, it is reasonable to point out that the first election of the Board of Education should take place at the beginning of the academic year 2013 -2014. That is why the resolution itself gives a period of one year to implement any modification to its content.
Does the Educational Council replace the parent society?
No. Even though Resolution No. 58 eliminated the legal basis of the parent partnership, there is no express prohibition to maintain or create such partnership or other forms of participation. In addition, in general, that company has its own legal personality and patrimony, with which it can have its own existence with respect to the Council. In practice, this society will be integrated into the educational community and will be represented on the corresponding committee.
Can the Board of Education be able to make decisions about education in schools?
No. The Education Council is an organ of participation in the educational management, but that can not substitute the decisions that corresponds to adopt to the educational center. In particular, it must be taken into account that parents have the human right to the preferential education of their minor children. This means that the right of education of the minor children falls preferentially in the parents, corresponding to the educational center to collaborate in that education. The Education Council can not undermine this right.